PowerPoint 2007
Working with Charts

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Lesson 11: Working with Charts

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Introduction

PowerPoint 2007 Charts A chart is a tool you can use to communicate your data graphically. Charts often help an audience to see the meaning behind numbers and make showing comparisons and trends easy. In this lesson, you will learn how to insert and modify charts and see how they can be an effective tool for communicating information.

Inserting charts

To insert a chart:

  • Select the Insert tab.
  • Click the Insert Chart command. The Insert Chart dialog box appears.
Insert Chart
  • Click and drag the scroll bar to view the chart types, or click a label on the left of the dialog box to see a specific chart style.
Chart Types
  • Click a chart to select it.
  • Click OK. Excel will open. Usually, Excel will appear on one side of the screen, while PowerPoint appears on the other side of the screen.
Insert Chart Dialog Box

If a slide layout has a content placeholder, click the Insert Chart command to insert a new chart.

Enter chart data

The data that appears in the Excel spreadsheet is placeholder source data you'll replace with your own information. The Excel source data is used to create the PowerPoint chart.

Excel Data

To enter chart data:

  • Select a cell in the Excel spreadsheet.
  • Enter your data in the cell. If the cell contains placeholder data, the placeholder data will disappear. As you enter your data, it will appear in the Excel spreadsheet and the PowerPoint chart.
  • Move to another cell.
  • Repeat the above steps until all of your data is entered.
Example Spreadsheet Data
  • Click and drag the lower-right corner of the blue line to increase or decrease the data range for columns. The data enclosed by the blue lines will appear in the chart.
  • Click and drag the lower-right corner of the blue line to increase or decrease the data range for rows.
Change Data Range
  • Select any cells with placeholder data remaining. In the example, the column with Series 3 data was not needed.
Delete Data
  • Press the Delete key to delete the remaining placeholder data.
  • Close Excel. You do not need to save the spreadsheet. The new Excel source data appears in the PowerPoint chart.
PowerPoint Chart

Formatting charts

When you insert a chart, three new tabs will appear on the Ribbon. The three tabs—Design, Layout, and Format—contain various chart tools and commands that allow you to modify and format the chart.

Chart Tools

To change the chart type:

  • Select the chart.
  • Select the Design tab.
  • Click the Change Chart Type command. The Insert Chart dialog box will appear.
Change Chart
  • Select the chart you want.
  • Click OK. The chart will change on the slide to the new chart type.
Insert Chart Dialog Box

To edit source data:

  • Select the chart.
  • Select the Design tab.
  • Click the Edit Data command. An Excel spreadsheet with the current source data will appear.
Edit Chart Data
  • Edit the data in the spreadsheet. The changes will appear on the slide.
  • Close Excel without saving the spreadsheet.

To change the chart style:

  • Select the chart.
  • Select the Design tab.
  • Scroll through the options in the Chart Style group, or click the More drop-down arrow to see all available chart style options.
Change Chart Style
  • Click a chart style to select it. The chart style will change on the slide.
New Chart Style

Identifying the parts of a chart

Have you ever read something you didn't fully understand, but when you saw a chart or graph the concept became clear and understandable? Charts are a visual representation of data. They make it easy to see comparisons, patterns, and trends in the data.

Chart Example

Source data

This is the range of cells that make up a chart. The chart is updated automatically whenever the information in these cells changes.

Title

This is the title of the chart.

Legend

This is the chart key, which identifies what each color on the chart represents.

Axis

This is the vertical and horizontal parts of a chart. The vertical axis is often referred to as the Y axis, while the horizontal axis is referred to as the X axis.

Modifying the chart layout

To change the chart layout:

  • Select the chart.
  • Select the Design tab.
  • Scroll through the options in the Chart Layout group, or click the More drop-down arrow to see all available chart layout options.
Chart Layout
  • Click a chart layout to select it. The chart layout will change on the slide.

The chart layout determines how specific chart information will appear. For example, some layouts include chart titles, legends, and axis labels.

To modify specific areas of the chart layout:

  • Select the chart.
  • Select the Layout tab.
  • Locate the Labels group.
Chart Labels
  • Chart Title: Click this command to remove or add a chart title.
Chart Titles
  • Axis Titles: Click this command and choose to hide or display the horizontal, or X axis, label; hide or display the vertical, or Y axis, label; and change the direction of the axis labels to horizontal or vertical.
Axis Titles
  • Legend: Click this command to select a location for the legend to appear, or choose to not display a legend.
Chart Legend Options
  • Data Labels: Click this command to display or hide data values next to each chart element.
Chart Data Labels

Other important commands on the Layout tab

In the Axes group, there are several commands that control both axes and whether the gridlines are visible. In the Background group, there are several commands that control visual aspects of the chart. Some commands in the Analysis group will appear active only if the selected chart is a line, area, or bubble chart.

Layout Groups

Additional chart formatting

Use the commands on the Format tab to modify the chart in additional ways. For example, from this tab you can change the chart outline, format chart text as WordArt, and perform other functions.

Format Tab

Challenge!

Use the Company Overview presentation or any other presentation you choose to complete this challenge.

  • Open a presentation.
  • Insert a bar chart.
  • Change the chart to a line chart.
  • Change the chart layout.
  • Apply a different chart style.
  • Add axis labels if they are not included in the layout you chose.

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